Harmful Oral and Skin Care Ingredients – Touch Me Not List


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This is a list of carcinogenic ingredients found in our personal care, make up and skin care.  If you see any one of these ingredients on the list, Be Smart!  Do your homework!  A label reading ” Natural or/and Organic, doesn’t mean it is safe from toxic chemicals!

The following are all harmful ingredients that many companies put in their Oral, skin and hair care products (and cosmetics). We recommend that you do NOT use products containing any of the following ingredients:

* Mineral Oil
* Petrolatum (Petroleum Jelly)
* Sodium Lauryl (Laureth) Sulfate
* Alcohol
* Propylene Glycol (PG) / Sorbital
* Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)
* Calamine
* Ascorbic Acid
* Parabens (Methyl, Propyl, Butyl and Ethyl Parabens)
* Imidazolidinyl Urea, Diazolidinyl Urea and/or DMDM Hydantoin
* Diethanolamine (DEA), Triethanolamine (TEA) and/or Monoethanolamine (MEA)
* Artificial (Synthetic) Colors
* Fragrances
* Lanolin
* Talc / Talcum Powder
* Glycerin
* Aluminum
* Isopropyl Palmitate, Acetylated Lanolin, Carmine and Pentahydrosqualene

* Mineral Oil is a petroleum derrived preservative and is the chief cause of that greasy after-feel on the skin. A liquid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum, mineral oil can attract dirt and causes blackheads and eruptions. It can accelerate free radical damage, thus speeding up the aging process, because it causes toxins to build up in the skin.

Mineral Oil is an extremely cheap ingredient (much cheaper than any natural oil) and is colourless and odorless, it is used in many skin care products to fill up space in a bottle and to make the shelf life last between 3-5 years. It has no proven benefit to the skin whatsoever.

Mineral oil can not be absorbed by the skin therefore leaving mineral oil in the pores which retards the absorption of emollient (moisture) creams. To add insult to injury, mineral oil is not water soluble so it cannot be rinsed off. It sits on the skin, drying your skin out and clogging the pores, causing acne. Instead of penetrating the skin, Mineral Oil coats and wraps your skin like plastic wrap. Your skin literally suffocates because oxygen can’t penetrate it and it can’t breathe, therefore, it starts to die and/or age prematurely.

* Petrolatum (Petroleum Jelly) is a grease made from petroleum. It is used in industry as a grease component. Manufacturers use petrolatum because it is unbelievably cheap. Petrolatum exhibits many of the same potentially harmful properties as mineral oil. While attempting to hold moisture in your skin, it traps the toxins and wastes that are inside your skin’s layers. Your skin smothers and can’t breathe, which leads to prematurely aged skin. You are using a product that creates the very problem that you are attempting to alleviate.

* Sodium Lauryl (Laureth) Sulfate is a harsh detergent found mainly in products that “foam.” Research has shown that Sodium Lauryl Sulfate may be one of the most dangerous ingredients found in personal care products. It is used in industrial engine degreasers, garage floor cleaners, water softeners, and auto cleaning products, as well as many skin and hair care products. It is often disguised in so-called “Natural” products as (in parenthesis) as a coconut derivative.

It is considered to be a potent irritant, and is the standard irritancy substance used (meaning it is assumed it will net an irritated reaction) to measure and compare the irritancy potential of other ingredients. Because it’s such a strong and efficient degreaser, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate dries the skin and hair. It strips your skin and hair of its natural oils. It may even damage the immune system causing the layers of your skin to inflame and separate. Sodium Lauryl Sulfate has been linked to eye damage, intestinal damage, breathing problems, skin spots, and cysts. It can cause cataracts in adults and prevent children’s eyes from developing properly.

Every wonder why more women are getting male pattern baldness these days? According to the Journal of American College of Toxicology, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate corrodes and damages the hair follicles. It can actually cause your hair to fall out!

After exposure, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate can stay in your body for up to 7 days. It penetrates easily into your skin and then lingers around in your heart, liver, lungs, and brain. In fact, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (www.aad.org), these surfactant molecules stay on your skin long after you think you’ve washed them off and as they sit there, they literally strip-away fatty acids, moisture and amino acids from your hair and skin.

* Alcohol is another cheap ingredient and is very drying and potentially irritating to the skin. Alcohol strips natural moisture from the skin and can contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles. If you swallow or inhale Isopropyl Alcohol, it may cause headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, coughing, wheezing, abdominal pain, mental depression, hallucinations, narcosis, and coma. The fatal ingested dose is about one fluid ounce.

* Propylene Glycol (PG) / Sorbital, which are commonly used in moisturizers as humectants, should be avoided. Chemically derived from alcohol, Propylene Glycol binds repels moisture from the skin, therefore the skin ends up not receiving any benefit at all from the moisturizer.

Propylene Glycol is the main active ingredient in anti-freeze. There is no difference between the Propylene Glycol used in anti-freeze and the Propylene Glycol used in personal care products. It can also be found in brake fluid and hydraulic fluid.

The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) warns companies who put Propylene Glycol into their products that it:
o May cause skin and eye irritation
o May be harmful if inhaled or ingested
o Can cause nausea, vomiting, headaches, gastrointestinal disturbances, and depression
o Can inhibit skin cell growth. This means that your cells will not be able to reproduce normally. If your body cannot make new cells, then the cells will get old and wrinkled. Did you know that some wrinkle creams can make you look older, rather than younger? Propylene Glycol may be the reason.
o Can damage the skin and muscle tissue. Propylene Glycol is a chemical used in food processing. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires food workers to wear protective gloves, clothing, and goggles when working with Propylene Glycol. This is because Propylene Glycol quickly penetrates into your skin.
o And Propylene Glycol is linked to Contact Dermatitis, Liver and Brain Abnormalities, and Kidney Damage

* Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) is used in cleansers to dissolve oil and grease, as well as to thicken products. Because of its effectiveness, PEGs are often used in caustic spray-on oven cleansers. PEGs can destroy the natural functioning of your skin which help keep it soft and moist. And what’s worse, products with Polyethylene Glycol are likely to be contaminated with 1,4-dioxane, a carcinogen (cancer causing chemical). Studies show that dioxane easily penetrates into your skin.

* Calamine contains about 5% Zinc Oxide (which can clog pores) and a good deal of Phenol, which is extremely toxic to skin. In 1992, the FDA actually tried banning calamine altogether, but that didn’t happen.

* Ascorbic Acid is considered to be the most irritating and least stable of any of the forms of vitamin C. Because it deteriorates so easily, it can quickly lose it’s effectiveness in Vitamin C creams and just become and irritant. Sensitive skins especially should avoid this ingredient.

* Parabens (Methyl, Propyl, Butyl and Ethyl Parabens) an be found in almost all of your personal care products. They are the most commonly used preservatives in the United States. The sole purpose of preservatives in cosmetics is not to protect you from bacteria, but to protect and extend the shelf life of the cosmetic. Parabens have caused many allergic reactions, skin rashes, and are known to be highly toxic. They can also have an estrogenic or feminizing affect on your body, meaning it can make men more feminine.

In the book Organic Beauty by Josephine Fairley states that “concern is raised over parabens in skin care products absorbed throught the skin of pregnant women. Research has shown that they may affect the future fertility of male babies. Professor John Sumpter or Brunel University, England – and expert on estrogenic chemicals in the environment – believes the result could be significant, because over the last few decades, paraben use has been very widespread in the cosmetic industry. The chemical preservatives might just play a role in falling sperm counts and rising breast cancer rates.”

* Imidazolidinyl Urea, Diazolidinyl Urea and/or DMDM Hydantoin are the most commonly used cosmetic preservatives after the Parabens. They are just three of the many preservatives that release formaldehyde. Nearly all brands of skin, body and hair care products, antiperspirants, and nail polish found in stores contain formaldehyde releasing ingredients. According to the Mayo Clinic, formaldehyde can irritate the respiratory system, cause skin irritations, and trigger heart palpitations. Exposure to formaldehyde releasing products may also cause allergies, nose congestion, nausea, headaches, dizziness, ear infections, chronic fatigue, depression, asthma, chest pains, and loss of sleep. But more seriously, formaldehyde is toxic to the immune system, a human mutagen, and is carcinogenic.

* Diethanolamine (DEA), Triethanolamine (TEA) and/or Monoethanolamine (MEA) are usually listed on ingredient labels with the compound being neutralized. So look for names like Cocamide DEA or MEA, Lauramide DEA, TEA Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, etc. Neither DEA nor TEA is carcinogenic. However, if products contain nitrites (as a preservative or contaminant), chemical reactions can occur as products are sitting on the store shelves. This reaction leads to the formation of nitrosamines, which are carcinogenic. Large amounts of nitrates may enter your bloodstream after just one shampooing. The FDA did two studies showing that 27 out of 29 cosmetics contained high levels of Nitroso-Diethanolamine. “Repeated skin applications have resulted in a major increase in liver and kidney cancers,” states Dr. Samuel Epstein of the National Toxicology Program.

* Artificial (Synthetic) Colors will be labeled FD&C (Food, Drug or Cosmetics) or D&C (Drugs or Cosmetics). This designation will be followed by a color and then a number. Some examples are FD&C Red No. 6, D&C Green No. 6, or FD&C Blue No. 1. Is your shampoo blue or green? If it is, you can bet on it that it contains a coal tar color. Artificial Colors are made from coal tar, a coal derivative. There is a great deal of controversy about the use of coal tars. Almost all of the coal tar colors cause cancer. Some artificial colors even contain heavy metal impurities such as arsenic and lead. Both of these metals are carcinogens.

* Fragrances are the number one common cause of allergies and irritant reactions to cosmetics. The FDA does not require manufacturers to list the ingredients of a “fragrance.” When you see the word “fragrance,” it can have as many as 4,000 separate chemicals. Some problems you may experience when exposed to these chemicals may be: headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, forgetfulness, irritability, hyperactivity, visual problems, clumsiness, watery eyes, stuffy nose, skin rash, skin discoloration, depression, mood changes, inability to concentrate, and sleep problems. Remember that a product labeled “unscented” may in fact contain a fragrance to mask other chemical odors. A product must be marked “fragrance-free” or “without perfume” to indicate nothing has been added to make it smell good. Some fragrance reactions occur only when the skin is exposed to sunlight.

Because the FDA does not require manufacturers to list hazardous chemicals in their fragrances, you have no way of knowing whether it contains carcinogens. For example, methylene chloride is one of the most common “fragrance” ingredients and is a confirmed carcinogen.

* Lanolin, an animal by-product, is made from the fatty secretions from sheep’s wool. Lanolin is not used in its pure from because of its allergy causing potential. Nonetheless, cosmetic grade lanolin may be contaminated with carcinogenic pesticides such as dieldrin, lindane, and DDT. The FDA recognizes that the contamination of lanolin in skin care products is a problem. Pesticides are likely to migrate through your skin into your bloodstream to do their damage.

* Talc / Talcum Powder causes cancer in laboratory animals and using it in the female genital area increases your chance of ovarian cancer. Talc enters the reproductive tract if used this way. And inhaling talc may be harmful too. Never use talc on babies. Not only is it a possible carcinogen, but inhaling it may cause acute respiratory distress and result in death.

* Glycerin is synthetically made from propylene alcohol or naturally from vegetable oils. Unless the humidity of the air is over 65%, glycerin will draw moisture from the lower layers of your skin and hold it on the surface. Glycerin dries your skin from the inside out. It is also a human mutagen.

* Aluminum has been linked to Alzheimer’s Disease. Since your body has no useful purpose for aluminum, it considers it a toxin. Studies show that regular use of products with aluminum compounds can increase your risk of Alzheimer’s by 300%!

* Finally, watch out for: Isopropyl Palmitate and Acetylated Lanolin, which are both known for clogging pores. Carmine and Pentahydrosqualene are insect shells and shark liver oil, respectively.

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Every morning are you putting chemicals, toxics, additives, detergents and sweeteners in your mouth?


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My family is using this green and natural tooth paste since past 6 month and we are seeing drastic positive changes in our oral hygiene. I have suggested this paste to my friends and family members, and feedbacks are positive. After doing thoughtful research (online and offline) I found mentioned below information which might be of your interest:-

Most Off-the-shelf toothpastes contain a laundry list of chemicals, toxic additives, detergents and even sweeteners. Warning labels on toothpaste say “Keep out of reach of children under the age of six”. The same warning shows up on baby toothpaste, and they don’t even have the ability to spit it out like older children do.

 SkullIngredient #1: Propylene glycol. This is a solvent that is the main component in antifreeze and is used in toothpaste and mouthwash. 45% of propylene glycol produced is used as chemical feedstock for the production of unsaturated polyester resins. In this regard, propylene glycol reacts with a mixture of unsaturated maleic anhydride and isophthalic acid to give a copolymer. This partially unsaturated polymer undergoes further crosslinking to yield thermoset plastics. Related to this application, propylene glycol reacts with propylene oxide to give oligomers and polymers that are used to produce polyurethanes.

Research has suggested that individuals who cannot tolerate propylene glycol probably experience a special form of irritation, but that they only rarely develop allergic contact dermatitis. Other investigators believe that the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis to propylene glycol may be greater than 2% in patients with eczema.

Patients with vulvodynia and interstitial cystitis may be especially sensitive to propylene glycol. Women suffering with yeast infections may also notice that some OTC creams can cause intense burning. Post menopausal women who require the use of an estrogen cream may notice that brand name creams made with propylene glycol often create extreme, uncomfortable burning along the vulva and perianal area.

A Swedish study published in 2010 strongly suggests a connection between airborne concentrations of propylene glycol in houses and development of asthma and allergic reactions, such as rhinitis, in children. Read More: A Guide to Glycols – http://bit.ly/11J8RaY

 SkullIngredient #2: Fluoride. Fluoride is a toxic chemical that can be potentially toxic if ingested in high quantities, so why would anybody want to ingest it in small quantities? Fluoride has also shown to create gum pockets. Just one tube of toothpaste contains enough fluoride to kill a small child. Poison control must be called if a child eats more toothpaste then what he can put on his brush.

Skull Ingredient #3: Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: This is a cleaning agent that creates lather and is mostly used in soaps and detergents however it is also in toothpaste. While it is not considered toxic by the FDA it is known to cause microscopic tears in our mouth that lead to canker sores as well as disrupting the protein in cells causing the membranes to absorb the chemical into the blood stream.

Skull Ingredient #4: Chlorine Titanium dioxide: this is an industrial bleach used for making your toothpaste white. Titanium dioxide is incompatible with strong reducing agents and strong acids.Violent or incandescent reactions occur with molten metals that are very electropositive, e.g. aluminium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, zinc and lithium. Titanium dioxide accounts for 70% of the total production volume of pigments worldwide. It is widely used to provide whiteness and opacity to products such as paints, plastics, papers, inks, foods, and toothpastes. It is also used in cosmetic and skin care products, and it is present in almost every sunblock, where it helps protect the skin from ultraviolet light. Many sunscreens use nanoparticle titanium dioxide (along with nanoparticle zinc oxide) which, despite reports of potential health risks, is not actually absorbed through the skin.Other effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on human health are not well understood.Nevertheless, allergy to topical application has been confirmed. Read More: http://bit.ly/kh1279

Skull Ingredient #5: Glycerin – Vegetable based glycerin is the base for many liquid soaps and on the body isn’t as much as a problem, however, in the mouth, glycerin creates a coat or film that won’t rinse away. Many natural dentists say this glycerin film on teeth can prevent the teeth from being able to remineralize thereby weakening the teeth.

earthpaste

What makes this earth paste different?

Earthpaste delivers all the benefits you expect from toothpaste without any chemicals or unnatural additives. You’ll see the difference on your and feel the difference in your mouth from the first use.

  1. No fluoride
  2. No propylene glycol
  3. No sodium lauryl sulfate
  4. No chlorine dioxide
  5. No glycerine

Ingredients used:

healthy Xylitol – used to help flavour the paste but it also helps to prevent tooth decay. Health Benefit of Xylitol: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylitol#Health_benefits
Food grade Redmond Clay – a non-abrasive polishing cleanser with antibacterial properties that has been used for centuries to promote health.
Sea Salt – enhances the flavor and also lends to the antibacterial properties associated with salt
Tea Tree Oil – a natural essential oil with anti-viral, anti-fungal properties.
Peppermint, Menthol, Cinnamon – essential oils used for flavouring and also promote fresh breath and a healthy immune system.

This toothpaste always leaves your mouth and gums feeling tingly and fresh. You can eat the whole tub and won’t need to call poison control! Use it on your children and feel rest assured that you are not causing any harm.

earthpaste-info

Facts and Information:-

  1. What is toothpaste MADE of? http://totalhealthmagazine.com/articles/dental-health/what-is-toothpaste-made-of.html
  2. Health Warning – Fluoride Toothpaste Dangerous – Facts Analysis – http://www.hoaxorfact.com/Health/health-warning-fluoride-toothpaste-dangerous.html
  3. Top 10 Dangers of Fluoride http://www.cheeseslave.com/top-10-dangers-of-fluoride/
  4. The Dangers of Fluoride in Toothpaste? – http://undergroundscience.blogspot.ca/2006/06/dangers-of-fluoride-in-toothpaste.html
  5. Dangers of Fluoride in Toothpaste and Water – http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/health-hazards-to-know-about/where-the-yellow-went
  6. Use of Fluoride in drinking water and toothpaste is causing dental fluorosis. what is Dental fluorosis? –  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_fluorosis
  7. Toothpaste And Mouth Sores – http://www.sideeffectsupport.com/survivors-caregivers/your-toothpaste-and-mouth-sores.html
  8. What Ingredients in toothpaste Can Cause Oral Discomfort? –  http://helpmehygienist.com/can-toothpaste-make-your-mouth-sore/

Organisations to follow, books to read and videos to watch:

  1. The Fluoride Action Network (FAN) seeks to broaden awareness about the toxicity of fluoride compounds among citizens, scientists, and policymakers. – http://www.fluoridealert.org/
  2. Few Videos to watch and books to read:
    1. Shocking fluoride documentary ‘The Fluoride Deception’: http://bit.ly/K0KLja
    2. Book ‘The Case against Fluoride’: http://amzn.to/1b0ALp7
    3. Drinking water is now fluoridated in many countries, including the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong, United Kingdom, Ireland, Spain, Turkey, Italy, India and Chili. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluoridation_by_country
    4.  Documentary on The Dangers of Fluoride – http://bit.ly/15SWUil

Solutions:

  1. Use herbal tooth Paste: Green, herbal and sustainable oral products to be used. An article to read on how to remineralize Teeth Naturally: http://wellnessmama.com/3650/how-to-remineralize-teeth-naturally/
  2. Install Water filter in homeAquasana AQ-4000 Drinking Water System

Products in Market to address this problem:

There are many products in the market, claim to be green and herbal but they are not 100% green. It’s true that most of them do not use Fluoride as a paste base nevertheless they are still using other foaming agents such as sodium lauryl sulfate or SLS. They are marketing their brand as “Natural” but they still contain some of the ingredients listed above.

On the other hand Earthpaste uses only few ingredient such as Purified Water, Redmond Clay, Xylitol, Essential Oil (Cinnamon, Wintergreen or Peppermint), Real Salt, Tea Tree Essential Oil, Menthol (Only in the Wintergreen & Peppermint varieties).

Where to buy:

In Canada you can order online from amazon.ca

Everyday Etiquette—Parents’ Etiquette Tips…..


Here are some etiquette tips to keep in mind when minding your children:

1. Please and Thank You
“Please” and “Thank You” are still the magic words they’ve always been, and you will be doing your child a favor if you insist that she use them until they become a habit. Everyone likes to be appreciated, and “Thank You” is the accepted way of showing appreciation. “Please” can turn a demand into a request and indicates an option—it can turn an unpopular request into a more palatable one.

2. Greetings
Teach your children, as soon as they are old enough to understand, to greet people by name. Learning early on to look someone in the eye and say “Hello Mr. Kelly”—instead of “Hi” mumbled at the ground—is a valuable lesson for the future.

3. Table Manners
Table manners for children should be the same as they are for adults, with one exception: young children should be permitted to be excused from the table, if the meal is an extended one. Expecting a young child to sit quietly through a protracted meal when his food is gone is an unreasonable demand on his patience and ability to sit still without wiggling, fiddling, and noisemaking to help pass the time.

4. Privacy
In order to teach your children to respect your privacy, you must respect theirs.

  • Don’t try to involve yourself in their conversations
  • Don’t listen in on their telephone conversations
  • Don’t go through their belongings
  • Don’t pry
  • Knock and wait for a “come in” before entering their room

5. Interrupting
Teach your children not to interrupt. This is part of learning to respect other people’s rights. It is up to you to teach your child to wait for a break in the conversation to speak. The mother who invariably stops and says, “What is it, dear?” when her daughter interrupts is helping her to establish a habit that will do her a disservice all her life.

6. Thank You Notes
It is not necessary to write a thank you note, when a gift is opened and the donor is thanked personally at the time of opening. If the gifts are not opened in front of the donors, the child must write a personal note mentioning the gift by name to each donor.

7. Fair Play
Fair play among children is really just good sportsmanship and respect for others. It includes the practice of kindness, taking turns and sharing. One of the best ways to teach fair play is by example. Parents who take turns, treat their children with kindness and share with others will be teaching their children fair play, just by their actions.

8. Shaking Hands
Teaching your child to shake hands is a good way to get them used to greeting people appropriately. Practice with them. Show your child how to shake hands and exchange greetings by looking you in the eye and greeting you by name.

9. Telephone Manners
A child’s first experience with the phone will be saying “Hi” to a relative or close friend. Good phone manners that children will learn over time include speaking clearly, identifying themselves, taking messages, and not dominating phone use.

10. Out and About
Children need to learn that good manners are used everywhere, not just at their grandparents. Table manners, please and thank you, polite greetings, and respectful conversation are called for at home, at friends’ homes, in restaurants, at school, and even in the mall. If children learn to make good manners a habit at home, they will use them everywhere.

What is costochondritis?


Costochondritis is a condition that causes chest pain due to inflammation of the cartilage and bones in the chest wall. Also called Tietze’s Syndrome, costochondritis occurs when there is inflammation at the junction of the rib bone and breastbone (sternum). At this junction, there is cartilage joining these bones. This cartilage can become irritated and inflamed. Depending on the extent of the inflammation, costochondritis can be quite painful.

What causes costochondritis?

It is often difficult to identify a single cause of costochondritis. This condition is thought to be boost commonly due to repetitive microtrauma, or overuse. This means that activities are causing repeated damage to the cartilage of the chest wall leading to inflammation. The most frequently affected age group is young adults between 20 and 40 years old. Costochondritis can also been found as an overuse injury in athletes, in particular this condition has been identified in competitive rowers.

Costochondritis can also be found after a traumatic injury. For example, a car accident where the driver’s chest strikes the steering wheel can cause costochondritis by injuring the ribs and cartilage on the front of the chest. Viral infections, usually upper respiratory infections, have also been identified as a cause of costochondritis.

What are the symptoms of costochondritis?

Most patients with costochondritis experience pain over the front of the upper chest (the area of the sternum). Because of serious conditions, most importantly conditions related to heart problems, costochondritis should only be diagnosed after excluding other more serious problems.

Costochondritis pain is usually worsened by activity or exercise. Often the pain is worsened when taking a deep breath. This stretches the inflamed cartilage and can cause significant pain. Touching the area involved by costochondritis can be extremely painful for the patient.

Because of the many nerves that branch away from the chest, pain may be experienced in the shoulder or arms as well. When called Tietze’s Syndrome, the pain from costochondritis is accompanied by redness and or swelling in the areas most tender.

Costochondritis usually responds well to some simple treatment steps. It is helpful is the cause of costochondritis can be determined, and any activities that may have led to the inflammation can be avoided.

•Rest

In order to decrease the inflammation, you will have to avoid activities that cause pain and exacerbation of the costochondritis. Exercise, deep breathing, and strain on the muscles of the chest may worsen the symptoms of pain and slow the healing process. As a general rule of thumb, avoid or limit activities that worsen your symptoms.

•Heat Applications

Applying hot packs to the chest can be helpful in relieving symptoms of costochondritis. Apply heat several times each day, especially before activities that may irritate your symptoms. While ice application can hep with most conditions of inflammation, applying ice to the chest can be quite uncomfortable.

•Anti-Inflammatory Medications

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (e.g. Motrin, Advil) help with two aspects of costochondritis. First, they help decrease symptoms of pain making patients more comfortable. Second, these medications help to decrease inflammation, which is the primary problem. Check with your doctor before taking anti-inflammatory as they have potential side effects.

•See Your Doctor

While these symptoms usually improve within a few weeks, and resolve completely within a few months, there are patients in whom this problem persists for some time. See your doctor to ensure nothing more serious is going on. Occasionally, costochondritis will be treated with cortisone injections, but this must be discussed with your doctor.

Will the symptoms return?

Most of the time, the pain associated with costochondritis significantly improves within the first 4-8 weeks. While some pain may persist, it is usually mild and only associated with strenuous activity. All symptoms of pain should resolve within six months.

Costochondritis may return, but it is unlikely to do so. Having the condition once does not increase your chances of experiencing the symptoms again.

Avoid Identity Theft and Online Fraud


“How to safeguard yourself from online fraud – an overview and precautions”

“Computers make it easier to do a lot of things, but most of the things they make it easier to do don’t need to be done”. This famous quote by Andy Rooney elucidates the significance of online computing and its wise usage.

It has seen that computer usage is proportionately linked with social responsibility and social responsiveness; it is same as pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in medicine science; what medicine can do to human body and how human body can react for or against that particular medicine composition.

According to Forrester, report online frauds are growing by 20% each year.

I rarely use online transaction, and if I use them then I make sure that the transaction is completed without any compromises or shortfall. Recently I was planning to buy another Digital SLR to add value to my photography passion. I wanted to buy Nikon D60 with Lens kit. After checking all the online and offline options, I found out that the Bestbuy stores are selling these Cameras at very reasonable price than any other vendors such as Tigerdirect, Future-shop, Sears, Black’s and Wal-Mart. Nevertheless curiosity being my second nature I wanted to get much better online deal.

I googled the phrase “cheepest nikon D60”.
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It routed me to this website where I was getting Nikon D60 Body @ US$ 279.00 and Nikon D60 body w/ 18 – 55mm VR lens kit @ US$359.00. It was unbelievable offer. It was really too good to be true. Therefore, I wanted to do some online research about this site. I clicked on the first link..

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Ideally, whenever I perform online transaction I either go with reputed brand or do my standard procedure of scrupulous research. I suggest everyone to follow mentioned below steps for scam free safe online transaction:

Step One:
Type this phrase in the Google search bar “Fraud or scam+company name”.

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As above, you can see that Goggle has populated 12,500 pages in .09 sec.

Step Two:
Click on the first page that exactly matches the word in phrase. These pages depict live experience of the user or victim. They convey their message via Forum, blog or some portal. Please note; It may possible that the company is not fraud or related to direct scam nevertheless mentioned below remarks are genuine customer experiences. This shows that their processes are not streamlined and they are less concern about TCE (Total Customer Experince).

Few user comments are print screened here.

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Above-mentioned steps are the primary, easiest and inexpensive way to save ourselves, and fight against online scam and fraud.

Analysts and pundits agree that cyber crime, fraud and scam remains a serious, costly and growing problem. Fraud solutions that focus only on the behaviour of the criminal fall short because they neglect a critical dimension of the problem: the identification of the device used to perpetrate the crime. The emergence of social awareness is must for customers and companies to reliably capture first-time fraud while at the same time accurately recognize valuable returning customers.

Few facts, which you should know about online fraud, scams and con artists, are mentioned below:

FACT # 1: Fraud is the number one crime against seniors.
RIGHT – Some seniors are lonely, vulnerable, home during the day and trusting. Moreover, they are perceived to have money. This makes them very good targets for frauds and scams. However, fraud no longer discriminates based on age. Anyone is a target and could become a victim.

FACT # 2: Con artists target people with lots of money to lose.
WRONG – Con artists do not care how much money you have. They just want all of it. If they can get $100 from 100 people that is $10,000. Not bad for a day or two of work. Billions of dollars are lost every year to frauds and scams.

FACT # 3: Con artists give the impression that they are friendly, helpful and trustworthy and will not usually use physical violence.
RIGHT: True The old saying, “You catch more flies with honey than with vinegar” certainly applies. While a con artist may pester someone to buy something or convince them to invest hard earned savings, he or she does not want to be noticed by police. Physical violence will usually bring the police. The con artist knows an easier target is always around the corner.

FACT # 4: When a company gives information in writing you can be sure no fraud will occur.
WRONG: Anyone with a computer can create official looking documents designed to convince people a company is legitimate. Ask to see a business license and references and then CHECK IT OUT. Call information. Check the yellow pages. Visit the offices of the company if you can. Make sure you know who you are doing business or buying stuffs with.

FACT # 5: If I only lose a small amount of money, then I am not a victim. I just made a mistake and should learn a lesson.
WRONG: All frauds should be reported, even if you are embarrassed or feel the amount of money is too small to worry about. You may not get your money back but the more information the fraud investigators have the easier it is to start tracking people down and put a case together. Report frauds to your local police or PHONEBUSTERS. If you have a concern about a business transaction, contact your local provincial consumer ministry or bank for more inforamation.

Scams such as Spoofing and Phishing to commit identity theft are becoming more prevalent these days. Protecting your personal information from identity theft is a crucial matter and there are many ways the unscrupulous can gain access to such information. Identity theft involves the use of your personal information – such as your name, Social Security number, credit card or bank account numbers, or other identifying information – by someone else, to commit fraud or other crimes.

•    E-mail Phishing – Involves you receiving an e-mail that appears to be from a legitimate company, such as Bank or social networking sites. It may even include the company’s logo and a link to an Internet address that looks appropriate. This e-mail directs you to link to a website where you are to supply account or personal information. However, simply clicking the link could secretly install software on your computer. The software may infect your computer with a virus or record and transmit everything you type, including passwords.

Additionally, the website you link to may be spoofing the correct Internet site.

•    Website Spoofing – Involves you trying to visit a website but accidentally keying-in or linking-to a different address. This may lead you to a website that mimics the legitimate site that you were trying to visit. The spoof Internet site may route whatever information you provide to criminals. This can include your account numbers, Social Security Numbers, credit card information, passwords and personal identification numbers. To make spoof sites seem legitimate, criminals may use the logos, graphics, names and code of the real company’s site. They also may attempt to fake the URL that appears in the address field at the top of your browser window and the padlock that appears in the lower right corner.

Take Control

The best advice is to be cautious and take control of your personal information.

Protect Yourself Online
•    Do not reply to an e-mail or pop-up message asking for personal or financial information. Legitimate companies will never ask for personal or financial information via an e-mail or pop-up message.
•    Don’t e-mail personal or financial information. If you initiate a transaction, look for indicators that the message is secured, which can be validated by a lock icon. Most e-mail programs do not provide confidentiality via encryption.
•    Use bookmarks to access known sites to avoid being lured to imposter sites
•    Use updated anti-virus software. Some phishing emails contain viruses and software that can harm your computer.

Other Ways To Protect Yourself
•    Shred unwanted documents that contain personal information.
•    Review credit card and bank statements immediately for unauthorized charges and contact the company if statements are more than a few days late.
•    Don’t leave mail in your mailbox.
•    Memorize your Social Security number instead of carrying it with you.
•    Don’t write down your passwords, and don’t use birth dates or names of family members as passwords.
•    Take your receipts from ATMs, gas pumps, etc.
•    Report lost or stolen credit and debit cards immediately!

Review Your Credit Report
Every citizen should obtain a copy of their credit report for review at least once a year:
•    Equifax – http://www.equifax.com; 1-800-685-1111
•    Experian – http://www.experian.com; 1-888-397-3742
•    TransUnion – http://www.transunion.com; 1-800-916-8800

Get More Information
For additional information on phishing and identity theft, go to the Federal Trade Commission’s Website at http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/edu/microsites/idtheft.

Important Contact Information if You’ve Been a Victim of Identity Theft

U.S. Government Agencies

•    Federal Trade Commission
Identity Theft Clearing House
Hotline: 877-438-4338
IDD: 202-326-2502
Website: http://www.consumer.gov/idtheft/
•    Social Security Administration
Fraud Hotline: 800-269-0271
Credit Reporting Agencies
•    Experian
To request a credit report and/or to report fraud: 888-397-3742
Website: http://www.experian.com
•    Equifax
To request a credit report: 800-685-1111 Option 4
To report fraud: 800-525-6285
Website: http://www.equifax.com
•    TransUnion Corporation
To request a credit report: 800-916-8800
To report fraud: 800-680-7289
Website: www.transunion.com

Everyday Etiquette—When You Are Invited…


Whether it is to a wedding, a dinner party, shower or gala event, an invitation comes with some important obligations. Here’s a quick guide to keep you on the guest list.

1. RSVP
From the French, it means “Répondez, s’il vous plaît,” or, “Please reply.” This little code has been around for a long time and it’s definitely telling you that your hosts want to know if you are attending. Reply promptly, within a day or two of receiving an invitation.

2. How do I respond? Reply in the manner indicated on the invitation.

  • RSVP and no response card: a handwritten response to the host at the return address on the envelope.
  • Response Card: fill in and reply by the date indicated and return in the enclosed envelope.
  • RSVP with phone number: telephone and make sure to speak in person – answering machines can be unreliable.
  • RSVP with email: you may accept or decline electronically.
  • Regrets only: reply only if you cannot attend. If your host doesn’t hear from you, he is expecting you!
  • No reply requested? Unusual, but it is always polite to let someone know your intentions. A phone call would be sufficient.

3. Is that your final answer?

  • Changing a ‘yes’ to a ‘no’ is only acceptable on account of: illness or injury, a death in the family or an unavoidable professional or business conflict. Call your hosts immediately.
  • Canceling because you have a “better” offer is a sure fire way to get dropped from ALL the guest lists.
  • Being a “no show” is unacceptable.
  • Changing a ‘no’ to a ‘yes’ is OK only if it will not upset the hosts’ arrangements.

4. “May I bring…”
Don’t even ask! An invitation is extended to the people the hosts want to invite—and no one else.

  • …a date. Some invitations indicate that you may invite a guest or date (Mr. John Evans and Guest) and when you reply, you should indicate whether you are bringing someone, and convey their name.
  • …my children. If they were invited, the invitation would have said so.
  • … my houseguest. It’s best to decline the invitation, stating the reason. This gives your host the option to extend the invitation to your guests, or not.

5. Say “Thank You.”
Make sure to thank your hosts before you leave, and then again by phone or note the next day.

Dengue Fever and It’s Management.


MOSQUITO AEDES AEGYPTI

Aedes aegypti, the mosquito that spreads Dengue fever.

THE FACT: There is no vaccine to prevent Dengue

Dengue is diagnosed only by a blood test.

OVERVIEW

Dengue fever is an infectious disease carried by mosquitoes and caused by any of four related dengue viruses. This disease used to be called “break-bone” fever because it sometimes causes severe joint and muscle pain that feels like bones are breaking, hence the name. Health experts have known about dengue fever for more than 200 years.

Worldwide, more than 100 million cases of dengue infection occur each year.

aedes_aegypti_larvae

CAUSE

Dengue fever can be caused by any one of four types of dengue virus: DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4. You can be infected by at least two, if not all four types at different times during your lifetime, but only once by the same type.

Aedes_aegypti_biting_human

TRANSMISSION

You can get dengue virus infections from the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they bite infected humans, and later transmit infection to other people they bite. Two main species of mosquito, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, have been responsible for all cases of dengue transmitted in this country. Dengue is not contagious from person to person.

Dengue

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of typical uncomplicated (classic) dengue usually start with fever within 5 to 6 days after you have been bitten by an infected mosquito and include

  • High fever, up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Severe headache
  • Retro-orbital (behind the eye) pain
  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rash

The rash may appear over most of your body 3 to 4 days after the fever begins. You may get a second rash later in the disease.

Symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever include all of the symptoms of classic dengue plus

  • Marked damage to blood and lymph vessels
  • Bleeding from the nose, gums, or under the skin, causing purplish bruises

This form of dengue disease can cause death.

Symptoms of dengue shock syndrome-the most severe form of dengue disease-include all of the symptoms of classic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever, plus

  • Fluids leaking outside of blood vessels
  • Massive bleeding
  • Shock (very low blood pressure)

This form of the disease usually occurs in children (sometimes adults) experiencing their second dengue infection. It is sometimes fatal, especially in children and young adults.

DIAGNOSIS

Your health care provider can diagnose dengue fever by doing two blood tests, 2 to 3 weeks apart. The tests can show whether a sample of your blood contains antibodies to the virus. In epidemics, a health care provider often can diagnose dengue by typical signs and symptoms.

AG

TREATMENT

There is no specific treatment for classic dengue fever, and like most people you will recover completely within 2 weeks. To help with recovery, health care experts recommend

  • Getting plenty of bed rest
  • Drinking lots of fluids
  • Taking medicine to reduce fever

CDC advises people with dengue fever not to take aspirin. Acetaminophen or other over-the-counter pain-reducing medicines are safe for most people.

For severe dengue symptoms, including shock and coma, early and aggressive emergency treatment with fluid and electrolyte replacement can be lifesaving.

PREVENTION

The best way to prevent dengue fever is to take special precautions to avoid contact with mosquitoes. Several dengue vaccines are being developed, but none is likely to be licensed by the Food and Drug Administration in the next few years.

When outdoors in an area where dengue fever has been found

  • Use a mosquito repellant containing DEET, picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus
  • Dress in protective clothing-long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and shoes

Because Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day, be sure to use precautions especially during early morning hours before daybreak and in the late afternoon before dark.

Other precautions include

  • Keeping unscreened windows and doors closed
  • Keeping window and door screens repaired
  • Getting rid of areas where mosquitoes breed, such as standing water in flower pots, containers, birdbaths, discarded tires, etc.

Water-filled tyres are used as breeding sites for Aedes aegypti, the mosquito vector of dengue. Increased international trade in tyres has resulted in the introduction of dengue vectors into several countries in Europe, the Americas, Africa and Asia.

COMPLICATIONS

Most people who develop dengue fever recover completely within 2 weeks. Some, however, may go through several weeks to months of feeling tired and/or depressed.

Some more facts: FAQ’s

Dengue

·Dengue [DEN-ghee] is a flu-like viral disease spread by the bite of infected mosquitoes. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a severe, often fatal, complication of dengue.

·Dengue occurs in most tropical areas of the world. Most U.S. cases occur in travelers returning from abroad, but the Dengue risk is increasing for persons living along the Texas-Mexico border and in other parts of the southern United States.

·There is no specific treatment for Dengue.

·Prevention centers on avoiding mosquito bites in areas where Dengue occurs or might occur and eliminating breeding sites.

What is Dengue fever? What is Dengue hemorrhagic fever?

Dengue fever is a flu-like illness spread by the bite of an infected mosquito.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a severe, often fatal, complication of Dengue fever.

What is the infectious agent that causes Dengue?

Dengue and Dengue hemorrhagic fever are caused by any of the Dengue family of viruses. Infection with one virus does not protect a person against infection with another.

How is Dengue spread?

Dengue is spread by the bite of an Aedes mosquito. The mosquito transmits the disease by biting an infected person and then biting someone else.

Where is Dengue found?

Dengue viruses occur in most tropical areas of the world. Dengue is common in Africa, Asia, the Pacific, Australia, and the Americas. It is widespread in the Caribbean basin. Dengue is most common in cities but can be found in rural areas. It is rarely found in mountainous areas above 4,000 feet.

The mosquitoes that transmit Dengue live among humans and breed in discarded tires, flower pots, old oil drums, and water storage containers close to human dwellings. Unlike the mosquitoes that cause malaria, Dengue mosquitoes bite during the day.

What are the signs and symptoms of Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever?

Dengue fever usually starts suddenly with a high fever, rash, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, and muscle and joint pain. The severity of the joint pain has given dengue the name “breakbone fever.” Nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite are common. A rash usually appears 3 to 4 days after the start of the fever. The illness can last up to 10 days, but complete recovery can take as long as a month. Older children and adults are usually sicker than young children.

Most Dengue infections result in relatively mild illness, but some can progress to Dengue hemorrhagic fever. With Dengue hemorrhagic fever, the blood vessels start to leak and cause bleeding from the nose, mouth, and gums. Bruising can be a sign of bleeding inside the body. Without prompt treatment, the blood vessels can collapse, causing shock (Dengue shock syndrome). Dengue hemorrhagic fever is fatal in about 5 percent of cases, mostly among children and young adults.

How soon after exposure do symptoms appear?

The time between the bite of a mosquito carrying Dengue virus and the start of symptoms averages 4 to 6 days, with a range of 3 to 14 days. An infected person cannot spread the infection to other persons but can be a source of Dengue virus for mosquitoes for about 6 days.

How is Dengue diagnosed?

Dengue is diagnosed by a blood test.

Who is at risk for Dengue?

Anyone who is bitten by an infected mosquito can get Dengue fever. Risk factors for Dengue hemorrhagic fever include a person’s age and immune status, as well as the type of infecting virus. Persons who were previously infected with one or more types of Dengue virus are thought to be at greater risk for developing Dengue hemorrhagic fever if infected again.

What is the treatment for Dengue and Dengue hemorrhagic fever?

There is no specific treatment for Dengue. Persons with Dengue fever should rest and drink plenty of fluids. They should be kept away from mosquitoes for the protection of others. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is treated by replacing lost fluids. Some patients need transfusions to control bleeding.

How common is Dengue?

In tropical countries around the world, Dengue is one of the most common viral diseases spread to humans by mosquitoes. Tens of millions of cases of Dengue fever and up to hundreds of thousands of cases of Dengue hemorrhagic fever occur each year.

In the United States, approximately 100 cases of Dengue are reported each year in travelers returning from tropical areas. Many more cases probably go unreported. A few persons have become infected with Dengue while living in the United States. Aedes mosquitoes are found in Texas, Florida, and other southern states, and locally acquired dengue has been reported three times since 1980 in southern Texas.

Is Dengue an emerging infectious disease?

Yes. All types of Dengue virus are re-emerging worldwide and causing larger and more frequent epidemics, especially in cities in the tropics. The emergence of Dengue as a major public health problem has been most dramatic in the western hemisphere. Dengue fever has reached epidemic levels in Central America and is threatening the United States.

Several factors are contributing to the resurgence of Dengue fever:

·No effective mosquito control efforts are underway in most countries with Dengue.

·Public health systems to detect and control epidemics are deteriorating around the world.

·Rapid growth of cities in tropical countries has led to overcrowding, urban decay, and substandard sanitation, allowing more mosquitoes to live closer to more people.

·The increase in non-biodegradable plastic packaging and discarded tires is creating new breeding sites for mosquitoes.

·Increased jet air travel is helping people infected with Dengue viruses to move easily from city to city.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is also on the rise. Persons who have been infected with one or more forms of Dengue virus are at greater risk for the more severe disease. With the increase in all types of virus, the occurrence of Dengue hemorrhagic fever becomes more likely.

To summarize, dengue is a rapidly expanding disease problem. Epidemics worldwide have become larger and more frequent. Incidence of the severe and fatal form of disease, DHF, has increased dramatically in Asia in recent years and has moved into the developed countries as well. Two factors are primarily responsible for this change in epidemiology: increased air travel and a total lack of effective mosquito control in tropical urban centers.

The only option we have to prevent the dengue problem from becoming progressively worse is to reduce incidence of disease, and the only way to achieve that is to control Ae. aegypti. Unfortunately, the conventional methods that have been used over the past 20 years are not very effective. Thus, we have a very real crisis on our hands.

New leaders are urgently required. Moreover, we must educate health planners, most of whom have little or no knowledge of or interest in vector-borne diseases other than malaria, but who determine where and on what diseases the health dollars are to be spent.

History has taught us that the “top down” approach to Ae. aegypti control has no lasting impact after government support is withdrawn. The “bottom up” approach, on the other hand, is very slow and may take years before results are observed. It is my opinion, therefore, that neither a “top down” nor a “bottom up” approach alone is ideal for controlling Ae. aegypti-borne diseases in the 2000s. What we urgently need today are integrated control strategies that utilize the best of both approaches in the initial phase, with more emphasis directed to the community-based approach as the program progresses. This should insure relatively rapid success, but also that the programs will be sustainable, and that the next generation will understand and, hopefully, accept its responsibility to help maintain Ae. aegypti control in the community. Citizens of each community must be given more responsibility for their own health destiny.